India has been facing a serious hunger problem which has caused large-scale child malnutrition. According to the Global Hunger Index (GHI), India is lagging behind countries such as North Korea and Iraq. India’s rank of 100 is lower than even its poorer neighbours such as Nepal (72), Bangladesh (88), Sri Lanka (84) and Myanmar (77). China has a far higher rank of 29. In South Asia, only Pakistan is lower than India at 106.
The report said given that three-quarters of South Asia’s population reside in India, the situation in that country strongly influences South Asia’s regional score. At 31.4, India’s 2017 GHI score is at the high end of the serious category. While the world has committed to reaching Zero Hunger by 2030, the fact that over 20 million people are currently at risk of famine shows how far we are from realizing this vision. According to International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, said that India’s poor performance brings to the fore the disturbing reality of the country’s stubbornly high proportions of malnourished children, more than one-fifth of Indian children under five weigh too little for their height and over a third are too short for their age.